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Disability in America [Statistics]

Posted by ROLAND REZNIK on July 10, 2017. 0 Comments

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. 

Disability Numbers in the United States

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in the United States, using data from the 2015 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age:

In 2015, the prevalence of disability in the US was:

12.6 percent for persons of all ages
0.7 percent for persons ages 4 and under 5.3 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
5.9 percent for persons ages 16 to 20 10.7 percent for persons ages 21 to 64 25.4 percent for persons ages 65 to 74 49.8 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type:

In 2015, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in the US was:

2.3% reported a Visual Disability
3.5% reported a Hearing Disability
7.0% reported an Ambulatory Disability
5.1% reported a Cognitive Disability
2.7% reported a Self-Care Disability
5.6% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender:

In 2015, 12.7 percent of females of all ages and 12.5 percent of males of all ages in the US reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino:

In 2015, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in the US was 8.7 percent.

Race:

In the US in 2015, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

10.7 percent among Whites
13.8 percent among Black / African Americans 4.4 percent among Asians
17.7 percent among Native Americans
9.8 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment:

In 2015, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in the US was 35.2 percent.

Looking for Work:

In the US in 2015, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 8.3 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment:

In the US in 2015, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 22.0 percent.

Annual Earnings:

In 2015, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in the US was $40,100.

Annual Household Income:

In the US in 2015, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $41,600.

Poverty:

In the US in 2015, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 27.0 percent.

Supplemental Security Income:

In 2015, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in the US was 19.3 percent.

Educational Attainment:

In 2015, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in the US: with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 34.4 percent with only some college or an associate degree was 31.5 percent with a bachelor's degree or more was 14.0 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability:

In 2015, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 23.6 percent in the US.

Health Insurance Coverage:

In 2015 in the US, 89.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Disability Type:

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in the United States in 2015*

Disability Type

%

MOE

Number

MOE

Base Pop.

Sample Size

Any Disability

12.6

0.05

39,996,900

154,970

317,480,100

3,075,864

Visual

2.3

0.02

7,297,100

69,930

317,480,100

3,075,864

Hearing

3.5

0.03

11,254,700

86,300

317,480,100

3,075,864

Ambulatory

7.0

0.04

20,940,600

115,870

297,748,800

2,914,010

Cognitive

5.1

0.03

15,135,900

99,460

297,748,800

2,914,010

Self-Care

2.7

0.02

7,980,700

73,060

297,748,800

2,914,010

Independent Living

5.6

0.04

14,487,300

97,410

256,541,900

2,542,484

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Quick Statistics

In 2015, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in the US was 12.6 percent.
In other words, in 2015, 39,996,900 of the 317,480,100 individuals of all ages in the US reported one or more disabilities.

In the US in 2015, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 7.0 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 2.3 percent.

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

Source: Disability Statistics 

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